g-pawns, under one shelter, and to do this he has only to play e4i Everything will then be beautifully protected, and the shepherd, the Rd5. can with a clear conscience, turn his attention to other matters. Not quite!, for the stupid little sheep, the h-pawn, would scamper away from the shepheid - 'or at some time there would be threatened ...Ra1-h1 followed by the capture of this pawn) 40.h5 Be6 41.Rc5 Kd6 42.Rc6+ Kd7 43.hxg6 hxg6 44.Nxe6! fxe6 (44...Kxc6 45.Nd8+) 45.Rc5 to be followed by Rg5 and 14 with an easily won Rook and pawn ending. (The type of position reached after Black's 41st move has been considered earlier in Diagram 121).

(b) Tarrasch-Barthmann, played when Dr. Tarrasch was still a youth. See Diagram 168. Black played here 21...Rc6 and there followed 22.Rhc1 Rhc8 23.g4 g6 24.f5 gxf5 25.gxf5 Rg8? (He shouldn't have allowed 26.f6+ at any price. Essential was 25...exf5 26.Nf4 Be6 27.Rg1, with a tough fight ahead) 26.f6+ Kf8 27.Rgi Rxgl 28.Nxg1 Kg8 and Black's h-pawn is a glaring weakness.

This drawback could have been avoided had Black played 21 ...h5 with the idea of only allowing White to play his pawn to f6 on the stipulation that both the g and h-pawns should disappear in the exchange. The continuation might have been: 21 ...h5 22.h3 g6 (not 22...h4?, because of 23.Ng1 followed by Nf3) and Black, after a few moves, would have obtained a more favorable position than he aid in this

Whereas case (a) does not make very great demands on the player, the right handling of the strategic weapon discussed under (b) is extremely difficult. It demands, above everything a pretty thorough knowledge of the various forms under which an advance of a compact pawn mass, may run its course, particularly on a wing. Many pages of this book have been devoted to this advance with all its consequences, and to deal with It we may therefore leave the kind reader to his own, as we hope, not less kind fate. Only let him keep well in view that the strategic necessity of getting rid of a troublesome pawn of his own may arise in the case of an advance of his pawns, just as much as in thai of an

' SI A fill: ■as a i M$mm m_3 as enemy advance. When the Black sheep of the family should be cast out, whether before the operation begins, or during it, can only be decided on the ir.erits of each case.

For a very instructive game illustrating overprotection, see No. 39.

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