The rook

Each player has two rooks, positioned in the corner squares. 11 ie English word "rook" is idiosyncratic. Most other European languages use the word for "castle" or "tower" (French tour, German Tumi, Italian and Spanish tone). The probable derivation is from rocco, an alternative Italian word for tower, or from mkh, the ancient Persian word for a war chariot. In Russia the piece is known as lady a. "boat." Children in England and the United States often use the more descriptive "castle." The squares to which the rook can legally move are marked with an "x."

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Rooks move only along ranks ami Tiles, never along diagonals. A rook can travel as many squares as it likes in either direction along a rank or file in a single move, provided nothing blocks its path. It captures in the usual way, by moving on to its victim's square.

The rook is an important weapon, second in value only to the queen, with one significant strategic advantage over the other pieces. Though it often makes better tactical sense to mobilize rooks toward the center of the board, they are also effective at or near the edge, where they can still command the same number of squares.

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