Each player has two bishops, one placed on a white square and one on a black. Of all the pieces on the hoard, the bishop has the most colorful history. In chaturanga it was depicted as an elephant, one of the four brandies of the Indian army. In Russian the bishop is still called slon, elephant. Almost as soon as the game spread into Europe (where elephants were not so familiar) in the tenth century, the piece took on a variety of guises. In Germany it became a Laufer (runner or messenger); in France a fou (fool or court jester).
'Hie bishops sweep along the chessboard on the diagonals (see diagrams on page 55), As long as no other piece restricts their
54 Samurai Chess
|i.i!h. they can move to any square along the chosen diagonal
* mile. They cannot leap over pieces in their path, but they can
• .¡plure by landing on a square occupied by aa enemy piece; thus While's bishop can take Black's pawn (left below). Black's bishop, mm (he other hand, cannot attack the white pawn (right below). It r. vitally important to remember that a bishop must start and end tis move on squares of the same color. If you move a bishop from .1 light square to a dark square, something has gone seriously wrong and you must try the move again.
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