An exception is made for each pawn's first move —and only Ihc first move. Here it has the option of advancing two squares along the file instead of one. (See Whites pawn on c2 in the diagram on page 52.)
When they capture, pawns have a quite different action, mov ing one square forward diagonally, in the diagram below, White can take either Black's pawn or his knight, and the black pawn can take the white pawn. As we shall see, when a pawn readies the opponent's back rank, it promotes to a queen.
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