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(a) If Black inserts 3 . . . a6 4 Ba4 before playing 4 . . . f5, White replies with 5 d4 exd4 6 e5 Bc5 7 0-0 Nge7 8 c3 dxc3 9 Nxc3 d5 10 Bg5 Kf8 (10 . . . b5 11 Nxb5 axb5 12 Bxb5 and Rcl wins back the piece) 11 Rcl Ba7 12 Bxc6 bxc6 13 Ne2 c5 14 Nf4 c6 15 eB, leaving Black in dire straits, W. Watson-Nunn, London 1984. (b) 6 . . . Qe7 7 0-0 d5 8 Ng3 e4 9 Nd4 Bd7 10 Bxc6 bxc6 11 d3 , Dvoirys-Srebrnid, Ljubljana 1992. (c) Black seeks an open game for the bishops. Instead, 8 . e4 9 Nh4 Be6 10 Qh5t...

Indian Openings

Hen a Catalan nobleman, Count Ermengol of Urgell, bequeathed his chess pieces to the Convent of St. Giles near N mes, France, he _ could little have anticipated that he was also making a bequest to chess itself. The count's will, which can be dated to around A.D. 1008, is the earliest European source to mention chess, and the game thus makes its appearance in western civilization in Catalonia. Nearly a millennium later, in 1981, the chess players of La Seu d'Urgell, a small town in the Catalan...

Double Queen Pawn Openings

. . . d5 2 c4 e6-------------------1 Queen's Gambit 387 Includes Orthodox Defense, Petrosian Variation, Lasker's Defense, Cambridge Springs Defense, Tartakower Variation, Exchange Variation, Ragozin System, Vienna Variation, Semi-Tarrasch Defense . d5 2 c4 e6 3 Nc3 c5------2 Tarrasch . d5 2 c4 dxc4 3 Queen's Gambit 443 . d5 2 c4 c6 - 4 Slav and Semi-Slav 454 . f5------------------------------5 Dutch 481 . d5 2 c4 Nc8----------------8 Chigorin's . Nf6 2 c4 e5-----------------7 Budapest 8 Queen's...

Olsen Vs Conquest At Reykjavik 1996

(a) Declining the sacrifice allows Black an easy game, e.g., 3 d5 Bc5 4 Nc3 d6 , or 3 e3 exd4 4 exd4 d5 (b) Impetuous is Balogh's 4 . . . g5 5 Bd2 Nxe5 6 Bc3 Bg7 7 e3 g4 8 Ne2 d6 9 Nf4 h5 10Qe2 . (c) 7 a3 Ngxe5 threatens 8 . . . Nd3 mate. After 8 Nxe5 Nxe5 9 e3 Bxd2+ 10 Qxd2 d6 11 b4 0-0 12 Be2 b6 13 c5 dxc5 14 Qd5 Ng6 14 Bg5 Qe5 chances are even, Kouatly-IUescas, France 1989. (d) (A) 9 . . . b6 10 0-0 Bxd2 11 Qxd2 Bb7 12 Racl d6 13 b4 0-0 14 c5 , Alterman-Blatny, Pardubice 1993. (B) 9 a5 10...

D d c c

Here are two strategic ideas behind 2 . . . c6. The first is to bolster the center without hemming in Black's problem child of the Queen's Gambit Declined the light-squared bishop. The second is to be able to support the advance . . . b5 after a later . . . dxc4. This would either guard the pawn on c4 or attack the piece that has captured it, winning a tempo for queenside expansion. The Slav Semi-Slav is a relatively recent addition to Black's queen pawn defenses. It was originated by Alapin a...

T

The Classical Variation, 3 Nc3 Bg7 4 e4 d6 5 Nf3 0-0 6 Be2 cols. 1-42, see above diagram , has managed through the waxing and waning of its viability to accumulate a massive pedigree, culminating in its current feverish popularity. The main line, 6 e5 7 0-0 Nc6 8 d5 Ne7 9 Nel cols. 1-6 , still leads combatants to move 25 and beyond before novelties are sprung. The zenith of fashion for the last couple years is the Bayonet Attack, 9 b4, when Kramnik's taciturn answer to 9 . . . Nh5, 10 Rel cols....

Semkov Marin Berga 1990

a 9 Bd3 Bg4 10 0-0 a6 11 a4 Nbd7 12 Khl Rb8 13 Qb3 Bxf3 14 Rxf3 Re8 , Jaroslav-Martin, Prague 1.995. b 12 e6 fxe6 13 0-0 exd5 14 Nxd5 Be6 15 Bc4 Nc6 16 Bg5 Nf6 17 Ne5 Nxe5 18 Bxf6 Nxc4 19 Bxd8 Raxd8 20 Ne7t Kh8 Petrosian . c 12 f6 13 exf6 Bxf6 14 Qd2 Bxg5 15 Qxg5 Qxg5 16 Nxg5 , Torres-Romero Holmes, Palma de Mallorca 1992. d 14 Nxe5 Bxe5 15 Bc4 Qxb2 16 d6 Rf8 17 Bxf7t Kg7 18 Resigns, Semkov-Marin, Berga 1990. e 15 Nd5 Bf5 16 Ne7t Rxe7 17 dxe7 Nbc6 18 Rcl Re8 , Barsov-Marin, Budapest 1990. f...

E e f

He King's Gambit is part of the mythology of chess. For more than a hundred years this opening has represented a lost golden age, a nobler past of swashbucking sacrifice and gung-ho attack, when few players were unsporting enough to defend correctly. Golden ages have a tendency to evaporate on scrutiny, and the romanticized heyday of the King's Gambit is no exception. But the unro-mantic fact that the opening's successes were very often due to bad technique is of historical interest. The...