A A Aft Aaa A A A

Very good, as Black must not delay in trying to free his constricted position. The pawn move strikes at the centre and opens another path for Black's queen.

6 c3

Nuremberg 1889 63

Ready lo reply to 6 ...cxd4 with 7 cxd4, and preserve the pawn-chain, which so cramps the enemy.

The knight develops with tempo, as the d-pawn is now twice attacked.


Á.W + Á. &

71 1

to 111


to 1


11 A




2 A A


1 2

7 £ie2! One of those rare times when the knight belongs here instead of at f3. It is true that f3 should be occupied by a knight, and White will arrange to have one there. His plan is to swing the knight from d2 to 13, meanwhile freeing his c I-bishop.

7 ... Wb6 Black puts more pressure on the white d-pawn. threatening to win it by 8...cxd4 9 cxd4 £>xd4 10 &xd4 fi'xd4.

A clever knight shift protects the pawn and clears the decks for the dark-squared bishop's appearance.

Another plausible move, but far too passive. Black s position is cramped by the chain of enemy pawns on d4 and c5. and he should not allow this situation to persist. He must try to break White's grip on the centre to obtain more space for his pieces. The correct continuation was 8...cxd4 9 cxd4 f6. virtually forcing 10 cxl6 £)xf6. Then the problem with the d7-kmght blocking in the c8-bishop has been resolved, and the disap pearancc of the c5-pawn means that Black has gained the dfvsquare for the development of his dark-squared bishop. If Black does not take the necessary liberating action, then he is likely to be gradually squeezed to death. Such a fate befell even so great a player as Capablanca in his game with Alekhineat AVRO 1938. As a consequence of his inferior opening play, Capablanca was tied up so badly that he could not stir and that he resigned with nearly all his pieces still on the board.

The king must be spirited off to a safer spot before any violent action is undertaken.

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