The Chess Review

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The Manhattan-Marshall


There have been many memorable matches between these two clubs, but none, we believe, so exciting and with so abundant a supply of famous names. In addition to the former American Champion, Frank J. Marshall, no less than eleven of the seventeen Finalists in the American Championship Tournament participated in the match!

The outcome of the match was in doubt right up to the end of the last adjourned game, and the final result proves how well the two teams were matched. As both teams concluded their Metropolitan Chess League schedules in a tie for first place, there will be a play-off, we understand, some time in May.

The summaries:

Manhattan C. C. Marshall C. C.

I. A. Horowitz 0 S. Reshevsky 1

J. Soudakoff 1 H. R. Bigelow 0

Total 8 Total 8

Manhattan played White on the odd-numbered boards. -

Metropolitan Chess League Marshall C. C. vs. Manhattan C. C.

March 12, 1938 (Notes by Reuben Fine) INDIAN DEFENSE

I. Kashdan


R. Fine


2 P-QB4 P-KKt3

Alekhine first tried this in a game versus Gruenleld and lost. But in 1933 Lundin successfully revived it against Spielmann. Although it has rarely been seen since then, the consensus of opinion is that the White prelate would do better to confine himself to his own diocese.

Never move the same piece twice in the opening—except when necessary! Black cannot afford to see his P position ruined.

The Bishop is ready to die for the cause, but all to no avail. Lundin's improvement against Spielmann consisted in exchanging Kts and developing quickly: 5 KtxKt, PxKt; 6 Q-Q2. Subsequently, however, it was shown that by replying 6 . . . . B-Kt2; and P-QB4 as soon as possible, Black could weather the crisis satisfactorily.

Gruenfeld played instead 5 . . . KtxKt; 6 PxKt, QxP; and also obtained a good game. The reason for choosing the text was purely psychological—it deprives White of ecclesiastical support.

7 KtxKt QxP

8 Kt-QB3 Q-QR4

Black is playing for an attack. He intends to get his QKt and QB out of the way, play . . . 0-0-0 quickly, and then concentrate on the QP.

Leads to practically nothing. 9 Q-Kt3 appears to be more logical, but after 9 . . . B-Kt2; 10 O-O-O, Black can change his intentions and castle on the King's side, since his attack will be even stronger than White's.

Too passive, for Black now builds up a strong attack. 11 PxP, RPxP; 12 RxRch, BxR; and only now 13 P-K3 was better.

An invitation to the wars. 11 . . . B-Q2 was also good, but less exciting.

Calling the bluff, but Black has some high cards up his sleeve. If at once 12 P-K4, B Q2; and if 13 P-Q5, Kt-Q5 is quite strong. However, the sacrifice 12 . . . KtxP; would then have been less advantageous, since White obtains counterplay on the KR file.

All the Bishops are in a sacrificial mood. But 12 . . . B-KB1 would be like being sent to a concentration camp.

13 P-K4 KtxP

No surprise for 13 . . . B-Q2; 14 P-K5 would lose a full piece for nothing.

Better than 14 . . . Kt-Kt<5 at once, for then Black could not castle and untie his rooks quickly.

15 Q-B1 would be refuted by 15 . . . QxBP. Better than the text seems 15 R-Ql (but not 1G 0-0-0, Kt-KtGch; 16 PxKt, RxQ; 17 RxR, BxKt; 18 PxB, Q-R8ch, with a rich harvest), Kt-B6ch; 16 KtxKt, RxQ; 17 KtxR, PxP; 18 R-R3 when the game would still be a hard fight.

16 PxKt QxRch

A difficult decision. The alternative was 17 . . . R-Q3; 18 Kt-K2, KR-Q1; 19 R-R3 (No pasaran!) but then I saw no way in which Black could continue the attack. And if 17 ... B-Kt4 ; 18 Q.-K2 (not 18 QxB? RxB; 19 Q-Kt4, PxP! ; 20 QxPch, R-Q2; 21 Q-B3, KR-Q1 and wins) the "brilliant" 18 . . . RxB; 19 QxR, R-Ql; 20 Q-K2, R-Q7; 21 QxR! leaves White with a solid position.

R, Fine

1. Kashdan

Also a difficult decision. True, 18 PxP, P-K5; 19 P-Kt7, KR-K1 would have been immediately disastrous. But he -might well -have tried 18 P-B3, e.g. 18 . . . P-K5; 19 PxKP, PxP; 20 PxP, B-KU; 21. Q-QB2, KR-Klch; 22 Kt-K2, R-K6; 23 B-B4 or 18 . . , R-Q3; 19 Kt-K2, KR-Q1; 20 Kt-Bl. In both cases Black's attack seems to come to a standstill. Black's best continuation would have been 18 . . . B-Kt4; 19 Q-QB2, R-Q3; 20 Kt-R3 (forced now), KR-Q1; 21 Kt-B'2, B-K6; 22 K-K2, BxKt; 23 KtxB, Q-R4, although the outcome would then have been unclear.

19 Kt-K2 RxP

Castling is bad, for on 20 O-O, KR-Q3; 21 Kt-Bl, Q-R3! wins. It is difficult to see now just how Black can strengthen his position.

Threatening ... to threaten.

21 R-K3, B-Kt4; 22 P-B4, RxR; 23 QxR, Bx RP; 24 QrR3ch, P-B4 would -have been good for Black. But 21 K-Bl seems to be a satisfactory defense. If then e. g. 21 . . . B-Kt5; 22 Kt-B3, BxKt; 23 PxB, R-R3; 24 K-Kl and White can still, hold the position.

22 K-B1

23 Kt-B3

24 PxB

B-Kt5ch R-QB3 BxKt RxP

This White had not included in his calculations. If now 25 B-B5ch then simply 25 . . , PxB; 26 RxR, QxKtch etc., while if 25 QxR, QxKteh; 26 Q-Kl, RxB; with a winning ending in both cases.

25 Q-K2

26 R-B3

27 B-B2

28 QxR

29 Q-K2

RxP Q-Q5 RxR Q-B5ch Q-KR5

QxP Q-R8ch QxP Q-R6 Q-R4ch P-QR3

More precise was 36 Q-K7, Q-R6ch;

The simplest way to win was 29 . . . QxQch followed by the advance of the Q-side Pawns. But Black wanted to clean up on the K side first.

30 Q-B3

31 QxP

32 K-K2

33 Kt-K3

34 B-Kt3

35 K-B1

Losing one- of his Pawns.

35 . . . K-Ktl, for if then 37 K any, Q-Q2 and White's position is ripe for resignation.

38 QxP K-Kt1

Here the game was adjourned.

Black undoubtedly has a win, but the technical process requires care and patience. The most important point to bear in mind 5s that White by exchanging Qs would only sign his own death warrant, for the Q side Ps would then decide. As a result, however, Black can build up -an attack oni White's K.

Black's winning plan can be divided into two parts: a)First he wishes to tie White's Q to the defense of the BP; b)then he will advance the RP. In the absence of the White Q this advance should -prove decisive. Because of White's inability to exchange Qs, this plan cannot be crossed.

45 Q-K8ch K-R2

Or 46 Kt-Q5, Q-Kt5ch; 47 K-Q3, R-B6ch; 48 Kt-K3, Q-B4ch and wins.

47 Q-Kt2 R-Kt3

There is no hurry. First Black wishes to paralyze as many White pieces as possible.

48 B-Q3 R-Kt7ch

The escape of the White K via B3 is now impossible. White must thus lose so much time to release the pin, that his game cannot be saved.

Or 51 Q-B5ch, K-Ktl (or even 51 . . . P-Kt3; 52 Q-B3, R-Kt4).

55 Q-B7

56 K-Q3

57 Kt-Q1

58 KtxR

59 Kt-B4 Resigns

Metropolitan Chess League Marshall C. C. vs. Manhattan C. C. March 12, 1938 RETI OPENING

(Notes by I, Kashdan)

A. Kupchik Black

D. Polland


1 P-QB4 Kt-KB3

4 B-Kt2 QKt-Q2

Planning simplification by . event of P-Q3.

A positional mistake, as it releases Black's QB and thus frees his position considerably. 8 Q-B2> or P-Q3 was in order.

10 P-Q3 Kt-Kt4

And here 11 KtxKt, BxKt; 12 P-K4 was more effective. If then 12 . . . PxP; 13 PxP, B-B3; 14 Kt-B3 with better chances. This continuation would have been much stronger without the foregoing Pawn exchange.

12 KtxKt B-B3

Even now 13 P-K4 was preferable, as the text restricts the mobility of the QB.

14 KR-K1 Kt-B1

16 QR-Q1 B-Kt2

This is good only if he can succeed in playing P-Kt5—otherwise it leaves a "hole" at QB4, of which Black can make excellent use later.

19 P-QR3 Kt-B2

20 Q-Kt3 PxP

21 PxP Kt-Kt4

After this Black has a decided advantage. Best was 23 PxP followed by R-Rl, still maintaining equality.

24 BxP B-Q4

Not 26 R-Q2, KtxP! 27 RxKt, BxKt wins. But 26 BxB, QxB; 27 QxQ; PxQ; 28 R-Ktl offered better defensive prospects.

If 28 B-Q3, Kt-B4 and White is at a loss for a good reply. The text is no improvement, however.

29 PxB Kt-B5

30 Q-QB3 Q-Q71

P-Q Kt4

leisure, as White's

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