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Godfrey Cabot was bom in Boston, on February 26, 1861. He was the son of Dr. Samuel Cabot and Hannah Lowell (Jackson) Cabot. His father was a practicing physician, who was graduated from Harvard in 1836 and from the Harvard Medical School in 1839. He was an amateur ornithologist, the first Curator of Birds of the New England Museum of Natural History and a member of the Stephens Yucatan Expedition in 1842.

Godfrey L. Cabot in boyhood attended the Boston Latin School and the Hopkinson School, was a student at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1877-78 and then entered Harvard College, where, in 1882, he graduated A. B., magna cum laude, specializing in chemistry. After working a year in the chemical business of his brother, Samuel Cabot, (in Chelsea) he went to Europe, where he studied chemistry a year at the Zurich Polytechnicnm and traveled extensively.

One of the first tasks assigned him by his brother before going to Europe, was to investigate a small carbon black plant in Pennsylvania. On his return from abroad, Mr. Cabot took over the management of this plant, and in 1887 bought out his brother's interest. The first plant was located in Worthington, Pennsylvania and from this small beginning, the business expanded, factories being built at Fosters Mills, Pennsylvania in 1890, Saxonburg, Pennsylvania in 1895 (this community is now known as Cabot) and Butler, Pennsylvania in 1898. Between 1900 and 1906, he built the Grantsville carbon works in Calhoun County, West Virginia, which was for many years the largest plant of its kind in the world. The business was incorporated in 1922 and now owns extensive gas properties in West Virginia, Pennsylvania and New York, and eight carbon black factories and two gasoline plants in Texas and Oklahoma.

Mr. Cabot married Maria Buckminster Moors in Cohasset, Massachusetts, June 23, 1896. After their marriage, Mr. Cabot established his home in Cambridge. In 1928, he moved his residence to Boston.

Mr. Cabot has not confined himself entirely to business interests. He has traveled extensively in South America, Europe, Asia and Africa and was one of the earliest devotees of aeronautics in the United States. In 1915, he purchased his own airplane, The Lark, and learned to fly. He was largely responsible for the formation of the Massachusetts Air Militia and encouraged many of his younger friends to take up flying as a preparedness measure. During the World War, he served as Lieutenant in the United States Navy Flying Corp from April 16, 1917 until March 27, 1919. From April to August 1917, he was in charge of the Marble-head Aviation Camp. Later, he was transferred to the Naval Air Station at Hampton Roads, Virginia. Besides making many patrol flights, he did much experimenting with the art of picking up burdens while in flight, and succeeded in picking up as much as 155 pounds. Subsequently, fundamental patents were granted to him on this art.

Since 1908, Mr. Cabot has been Treasurer and Director of the New England Watch and Ward Society, and has given support to correcting public abuses. From 1917 to 1921, he waged a campaign which resulted in ousting from office for malfeasance, Joseph C. Pelletier, the District Attorney of Suffolk County, and in convicting other members of the ring, Tufts and Corcoran, and in disbarring the ring leader, Daniel H. Coakley. In 1924, he was unsuccessful Republican candidate for Mayor of Cambridge.

Mr. Cabot had five children: James Jackson Cabot, born September 24, 1891 > died July 20, 1930; Eleanor Cabot Bradley, born September 24, 1893, married to Ralph Bradley in 1919; Thomas Dudley Cabot, born May 1, 1897; William Putnam Cabot, born May 28, 1900; John Moors Cabot, born December 11, 1901. He has at present twelve grandchildren.

Mrs. Cabot died November 6, 1934.

At 77, Mr. Cabot still radiates the energy and enthusiasm that have characterized his many undertakings. His frame is lithe, his carriage erect, and face and figure have made not the slightest surrender to the passing years. The eyes are keen and searching and light up quickly.

At the chess board, he studies the game with serious mien, but moves quickly. He is always ready to pay tribute to a fine move on the part of his opponent, and wastes little time ov;er his position if it is clearly bad. An innate pride in his own capabilities makes particularly sweet the pleasure of winning. He likes to win—against a worthy adversary, but infinitely higher is his joy of really having played well, —of evolving a combination that stands the test of analysis.

Cabot's leadership in chess activities spans a long and important chapter of the game in

New England. When he first became associated with the Boston Chess Club, the second oldest in the world, the names of Edward Everett, Preston A. Ware Jr., John P. Hopkinson, Smith Wright, C. F. Burrille,* Peter J. Hill,* and Franklin K. Young were prominent in the game. Later he was to see Harry N. Pillsbury* forge to the front, and John F. Barry and Dr. Elmer E. Southard make their mark in the national arena. These were to be followed in turn by Daly, Perrin, Adams, Morton, Chevalier, Mott-Smith and the talented youngsters of the present generation.

Not the least of his achievements has been to gather about him the officers of the MASTA association, Sturgis, Mitchell, Sanborn who view-chess as an art, and have carried on the traditional New England respect for the arts.

MUZIO GAMBIT G. L. Cabot Amateur

White Black

2 P-KB4

3 Kt-KB3

P-K4 PxP P-KKt4 P-Kt5

The most daring of all the gambits.

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