Set The Endgame

'The Pawn is the soul of chess* - Philidor It is hard to define where the middle-game ends and the end-game begins, but there are two features which, though not unknown in the middle-game, are characteristic of the ending. The first is the struggle to queen a Pawn the vast majority of end-games have this as their ultimate objective. The other is that the King is an active, not a passive piece with a reduced opposing force, it is not usually - though there are exceptions -in danger of getting...

The Basic Elements Of Combination

'Sketch a tiger incompletely and it is only like a dog' - Chinese Proverb In this chapter I attempt to define what is meant by a combination and to describe the basic elements (or ingredients - in some ways, a chess combination is more like cooking than like a science) that make it up. Experienced players can skip the chapter and go straight on to the positions inexperienced players should read it through quickly first time, then go through it more carefully and use it for reference when they...

Chess Notation

The chess notation used in this book is the English Descriptive. In this system the chess pieces are represented by their initial letters (K for King, Q for Queen, R for Rook, B for Bishop, Kt for Knight and P for Pawn). The squares have two names, one from White's point of view and one from Black's, and these names are a combination of the fiie and rank. The files (vertical rows of eight squares) are named after the pieces that originally stand on them at the beginning of a game these are the...

Set Solutions

Napolitano (Correspondence, 1953). Black won by 1____R-K8ch 2.RxR, Q-Q5ch 3.Resigns. If 3.QxQ, PxR Qmate or 3.K moves, QxQ. The White Queen is overloaded. 2 From the game Gergelj v. Kimelfeld (ussr, 1968). White won by l.Kt-B6ch, KtxKt 2.BxKt and there is no defence against the threat of 3.Q-R8ch, BxQ 4.RxBmate. If 1____BxKt then 2.QxB , KtxQ 3.BxKt, and R-R8mate is unavoidable. Note that after 1. . . .KtxKt 2.QxKt , QxB Black saves the day. Black has one extra...

Set Catastrophes

'Man is but an ass' - Bottom in A Midsummer Night's Dream We all enjoy the discomfiture of the expert - a slightly morei sophisticated form of our pleasure when the self-important slip on banana skins. This section shows that in chess it happens to the greatest - and there are some examples excluded because they are too crude and obvious. What can be the explanation for the famous blunder made a few years ago by Petrosian against Bronstein Petrosian was then approaching the height of his powers...