M m m

If one has weakened his Kingside castled King's position with P-KN3, then the range of the attacking pieces is increased and dangerous mating positions arise. Belenky-Pirogov (1957) 1 . . . R-K8 and White resigns, since taking with the Queen allows mate from KR5, or with the Rook, on N2. Positions where the Bishop is in the neighborhood of the King, such as on KB6, are particularly dangerous. In these situations it is very difficult to interrupt or defend the critical squares N2 or Rl. The...

Introduction Dont ReInvent the Wheel

We admire effective chess combinations we are surprised by unusual situations when a small detachment of pieces sweeps the opponent's superior forces from their way. Defeat in many positions is paradoxical, a triumph of mind over matter. The secret of the game's attraction is its beauty and logic the secret of its eternal youth is its variety and inexhaustibility the secret of mastering it is knowledge and experience. The master has sacrificed a piece. You still don't know what led him to...

Ib B Bb

NxRP in Bernstein Zaidman (1959) White replied 2 N 3-K5 , and in view of the threat 3 R-R4, Black had no better than 2 . QxB. There followed 3 QxPch KxQ 4 R-R4ch K-Nl 5 N-K7 mate. Marshall (Black) concluded his game with Levitsky (1912) with an absolutely paradoxical move. Black is a piece up, but the Queen and Rook are under attack. White further threatens to go over to the counterattack (R-B7). It is hard to believe that in this position, White will not get to make...

Pi n

The Queen on K2 is preventing mate on KB2. But the Queen must also look after Q5. It does not have the strength for both after the splendid 1 R-K7 This not only interrupts the line, but is a diversion too. Black's choice is not particularly pleasant I . . . BxR (NxR) 2 Q-B7 mate or I QxR 2 Q-Q5ch and on 1 . . . N-K4 2 RxN, Black loses a piece. The Yugoslav grandmaster therefore resigned. Pytliakovsky found a clever maneuver in his game against Makarchik (1947). Possibly just as good was the...

Twmtmt

The players have not yet emerged from the opening, but hand-to-hand combat has already begun. Black's King-side is still virtually in its original state, and in these circumstances it is important that the attacking side bring up the troops rapidly. 1 B-N5 (an excellent move, after which things proceed by force) 1 . . . BxB 2 KR-Q1 (one can almost feel the threats now) 2 . . . N-Q4 3 NxN (threatening only 4 N B7ch) 3 P-B3 4 P-K6 K-Q1 5 B-B4, Black resigns. Black executed an effective final...

E

White finally decides to exchange something and is lost in one move. 15 B-K3 was the only defense. Sometimes the defender of KR7 can be eliminated directly. Note one other tactical device line interruption, which we illustrate with an example from Kireev-Mironov (1963). KR7 is defended by the Black Queen. But the KR file can be cut off from the King on Rl. 1 R-R6 and Black resigns, since he is left with an unpleasant choice, the loss of the Queen (1 . . . QxR2N-B7ch) or mate. In Dely-Mengarini...

The Queen

'Figaro Here, Figaro There The rules of the game of chess have changed substantially from its distant past to the present. One of the most undistinguished pieces was the Queen. It moved only one square at a time diagonally. Opposing Queens, like Bishops of opposite color, never ran into each other, and the King avoided her fleeting threats by going to an oppo-site-colored square. As time passed, an unknown reformer suddenly wondered What good is the Queen, really As a result, this mute parasite...

EUJHHP m

In Koltanowsky-Garcia (1959) White won by a multiple diversion of the Queen from critical squares 1 B-R4 P-QN4 2 BxP QxB 3 QxN Q-K4 4 QR-K1, Black resigns. Korchnoy (Black) versus Levenfish (1953) made use of two tactical elements 1 . . . RxB (diversion) 2 RxR QxR White really did not want to withdraw the Queen to R1 in Montell-Serrano (1962) and decided on counterplay forced his resignation the Bishop on Q2 will be diverted from its defense of Kl. The same concept appeared in Radulov-Cuellar...

M m m m

1 P-B6 (driving the pawn deeper into Black's position, threatening mate on N7) 1 . . . R-KN1 2 Q-R7ch KxQ 3 N-N5dbl ch K-Rl 4 N-B7 mate. The following mating positions should be known 2 . . . N-B6 mate was threatened. On 2 BxN there would have followed 2 . . . PxPch 3 KxP B-K4ch. If 2 PxN, then first 2 . . . BxPch 3 B-K3 PxPch and then as noted in the previous variation. Now everything is quite simple. The strength of the double check was again revealed in the following game between two unknown...

Ma

BxN 2 Q-K7ch K-Nl 3 Q-K8 mate 2 Q-K7ch K-Nl 3 Q-K8ch (forcing Black to block his last escape square) 3 . . . N-Bl 4 N-K7 mate. Blockading maneuvers can even be undertaken against a King in the center. In E. Lasker-Horowitz (1946) the world champion's namesake had played the opening very weakly. White, it is true, has won a pawn, but is drastically behind in development. With his Queen maneuver, Black completely disrupts the interaction between his opponent's pieces. The threat...

B m m m i

It seems that in Bauer-Hellner (1956) the Black King is safely defended by its pieces, but White finds a way to break through with two effective sacrifices. I RxRPch PxR (if 1 . . . KxR then 2 Q-N5ch K-R2 3 Q-R4ch K-N3 4 P-B5 mate) 2 Q-N8ch NxQ 3 B-B5 mate. These mating positions are often seen Here the Bishops are attacking the enemy King from different sides, encircling it in a ring of fire. The King's escape is also blocked by its own pieces. This blockade often occurs as a result of...

The Highwayman

Let us examine how the Rook and Bishop interact in an attack on the King. The pieces have varied spheres of activity and the ability to deal blows from afar. Each chess army has two Bishops, and the Rook is ready to collaborate with both of them. The Rook will always be on the lookout for that Bishop which has taken the better position, and seek to cooperate with it. Inasmuch as the Bishops occupy squares of different colors and therefore strike out at different targets, which Bishop cooperates...

The Pawn

Check to the King, check to the Queen, and the pawns devour the King. These words end a verse by the poet Argo, written in the 1920s. But it is not so easy for a King to be devoured by a pawn, even if it is made of wood. First of all, without the support of other pieces, the front-line infantrymen are powerless. Secondly, the King is hardly warlike, despite his lofty title, nor is he a scatterbrain, indifferently mixing it up with nearby enemy troops. The monarch's downfall usually occurs in...

One Persons Stalemate is Anothers Checkmate

It is common knowledge that with correct defense, two Knights cannot mate a lone King. In theory, however, these final positions can arise They will arise only after a terrible blunder by the defending side. Here it is impossible to play 1 N-B6, hoping to play 2 N-B7 mate, since Black will be stalemated in one move. Coming at the King from the other side also does not work I N Q6 K-Nl 2 N-Q5 K-Rl 3 K-B7 K-R2 4 N N5ch, unless Black plays 4 . . . K-Rl 5 N-N6 mate, instead of 4 . . . K-R3,...

Mxm

Q-Ql 2 QxPch and after 2 Q-Q2 QxQ 3 BxQ R-Q1 4 B-K3 R-Q8ch 5 B-Nl R-Q7, Black wins easily 2 . . . R-B2 3 Q-Kl R-K2 and White resigns. The final position, wrote Botvinnik about this game, is interesting in that, although the Black and White pieces are placed along the edge of the board, Black's pieces have such long-range effectiveness that there is no defense. From a composer's artistic point of view, it would have been nice to have had the Black Bishop on QR1....

Mm it

Larsen-Petrosyan 1958 reached this position. To prevent mate on Bl, Black played 2 R-R7ch K-Nl 3 P-R6 N-K1 4 R KR-KB7 and Black resigns, inasmuch as 5 P R7ch K-Rl 6 R-B8 mate is threatened and on 4 . N-Q3 White continues 5 R-N7ch K-Rl 6 R-R7ch K-Nl 7 Although in this next position from Botvinnik-Leven-fish 1937 Black has two dangerous passed pawns, White cannot lose he always has the possibility of giving perpetual check. This circumstance gives Botvinnik one last chance, which surprisingly...

When There Is No Escape Luft

Luft, by no means an aristocratic term, means the King's natural requirement of fresh air, when after castling short all the pawns on the King-side are still on the second rank. From his cramped shelter the King cautiously eyes the approaching enemy, and when the shells begin to fall in the immediate vicinity, one of the infantrymen ventures one step forward, so that, in case of a check on the back rank, the monarch can happily scoot to the vacated square. However, in the heat of the chess...

H A

In spite of being on the move, White must lose a Rook. Even if White plays the desperado 1 RxPch, an amusing position arises after 1 . . . PxR, where anv move by the Rook leads to mate 2 O-O R-Nl mate or 2 R-Nl or Bl 2 . . . B-B6 followed by 3 . . . R-Q8 mate. Of course 1 P-B3 BxR 2 R-KN1 R-Q8ch 3 K-B2 RxR gives Black an easy win. Advanced pawns can also work with the Rook and Bishop to create mating situations when they cut off nearby escape squares from the enemy King. Once again, there are...

Mm m mm m mm

In the game NN-Sharle 1903 Black's preponderance in the center led to the decisive combination 1 Q-N6 2 PxQ BxPch 3 K-K2 B-Q8 mate. The roles were reversed in the mating finale of Varing Ferscht 1962 the Rook administered mate after the Bishops had created a tight curtain of fire around the King. 1 B-B4ch K-Rl 2 QxPch KxQ 3 R-R3ch K-N2 4 B-R6ch K-R2 5 BxR mate. In this and previous examples we have seen how the Rook would lie in ambush behind one of the Bishops. At the decisive moment, the...

Lukovnikov Sergeyev 1974

Here, the correct continuation is 9 . . . P-B4. However, the desire to free the QB as rapidly as possible might lead unwary players into the incorrect 9 . P-QN3 It is refuted by the tactical device 10 BxN BxB 11 Q-K4. Now both the QR and the KR7 square are under attack. This double attack cannot be parried. This is a classic example of a double attack on two vulnerable points. Within limits, the Queen can attack other undefended or insufficiently defended pieces. In Erglis-Krumkali 1950 , the...

Chess Combinations Mate

Black has an extra pawn on the Kingside, and with N-N6, threatens to advance it. White therefore begins forcing play to obtain counter-chances on the other side. Played hoping for I. . . NPxP 2 N-R7 N-Nl 3 N 7-N5 or 1 . QPxP 2 P-Q6 PxP 3 NxQP N-B2 4 N-B4, with counterplay for White in both cases. White evidently thought his opponent's next move impossible because of the combination which takes a surprising turn. True to himself. The lesser evil was 2 NxB. The essence of White's concept he must...

Mm

Chess Problem Mate

Kinzel-Dueckstein 1958 1 N-B6ch PxN 1 . . . K-Rl 2 Q-R5 2 BxP threatening 3 R-N5 mate 2 R-Q4 3 Q-Q2 , and Black resigns, as there is no defense to 4 Q-R6. Alekhin's tactics White against Mikulka 1923 were based on a pin. Alburt-Sveshnikov 1974 I RxB RxR 2 Q-Q4 Q-Bl it is now not enough for White to capture on 135, inasmuch as Black takes the Bishop on Q4, but White has a familiar sacrifice in reserve 3 N-B6ch K-Rl 4 Q-K4, Black resigns, after the forced 4 . PxN 5 QxPch, it is all over. Let us...