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Yes, that's the long diagonal. But let me ask you a question: Can the Bishop ever reach the square marked X?

No. Once he's on White, he stays on White.

That's right. And that's why the Bishop isn't worth so much as a Rook. In fact, he's worth two Pawns less. He's worth 3, and the Rook 5.

Pawns? What's that?

Those are the eight little men in front of the big pieces.

Wait a moment. Stop getting ahead of the story. Here, look at this one: % ^

Who's that?

The Queen, God bless her.

Big stuff, eh?

Yes indeed. The Queen's the most powerful piece. Worth 10.

Two Rooks. Um. How does she move?

Like both the Rook and the Bishop,

Gee, she can go anywhere.

Almost. Look:

Some stuffl But what good does it do to go to all those places? Can you take off the other fellow's men?

Yes, that's the idea.

But how?

Well, you just move your Queen to the square occupied by the opposing piece, take him off, and put the Queen down on the same square.

Is the Queen the only piece that can make a capture?

No, any piece can make a capture.

Yes, even the Pawn. But since the Queen can move to so many more places at one time, you can see why she's so much more powerful than any other piece.

Gosh, if you win the fellow's Queen, I guess you just about have the game!

Don't tell me he's more powerful than the Queenl

No—not nearly so powerful. But he's much more important In fact, if you lose the King, you lose the game.

You mean if I can sneak in on the other guy's King—

It's not that easy. Of course, if you capture the King, as I've just said, you win the game—but you have to warn your opponent first, by saying "check" when you attack him.

Got to warn him, eh?

Yes. If then he can't get away, you win the game.

One square at a time in any direction. Not very far.

Just how does he get out of danger, then?

Well, he has a special move, called "castling."

What's that?

Look at this position:

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