W

White's pawns are further apart but the win is by no means trivial as they are not very far advanced 2 < 4> c5 3 & c3 4 < 4> d2 > g3 5 4> e3 < S b4 6 > d3+ & a3 7 icl < 4> b4 (7 *b2 8 a4 +-) 8 < S d4 +-. 3 id3 > d4+ 4 < & c3 > e2+ After 4 fc6 5 e5 Black has to give way to the white king 5 < > a4 6 e6 4> a3 (6 < 3 b5 7 > e5 > e7 8 < & d4 +-) 7 < S c4 & e7 (7 < & xa2 8 > b4+ +-) 8 > t> 4 > f5 9 4> c5 +- as the e-pawn will...

Bpw

White has to sacrifice his rook's pawn under favourable circumstances 1 > f5 (NC) 1 4> g5 h6+ 2 4> xh6 4xh4 3 > f5+ 4g4 4 > d6 Ah5 . After l g6 White wins by 2 4> g5 & e8 3 ih6 +-. 2 > xh6 < & xh4 3 ff5-h 4> h3 3 & h5 4 > g7+ < 4> g6 5 xe8 4f7 6 4> f5 4xe8 7 4e6 +-. 4 > d6 1-0 Black resigned due to 4 h5 5 4g5 +-, when all four squares of the stopping diagonal are controlled.

Queen vs Rook Pawns

Although the material-count is highly favourable for the queen, there are a lot of fortresses worth knowing and, even in the situations where the queen wins, it can be quite complicated. A pawn on its second rank draws if it is not a rook's pawn and the defending king and rook are next to it, because no encirclement by the attacking king is possible. The rook just moves back and forth between the two squares protected by the pawn. The king stays near the pawn. Black can't make progress. Even an...

Queen vs Rook no pawns

The queen always wins against a lone rook unless there is an immediate draw such as perpetual check or stalemate. The winning nature of the ending has been known for a long time and it was believed to be quite easy to force a win. However, the appearance of computer databases in 1978 caused the ending to be seen in a new light. While they confirmed that the queen should win from all normal starting positions, they also showed that it was quite difficult to win if the defender played precisely....

Oo

Not 1 < b4 4> d3 2 4> b3 Bb8+ 3 & a3 4> c2 3 < & xa2 4> c2 -+. 3 JZb2 4 Shi 4 < d4 Bb4+ 5 & c5 Ba4 6 & b5 Ba8 7 < & b4 < 4> c2 -+. Nunn points out that this position is again a reciprocal zugzwang. Not 5 Sgl Sb8 but 5 Bh2+ is another way to draw. 5 & d2 6 Shi l Sbl 2 Sa4 Bb3 3 4> g2< > d5 4< > f2 < & c5 5 < > e2 & b5 6 Sa8 < & b4 7 & d2 . 2< & h3 2 < & g3 obstructs White's own rook 2 < & d5 3 Sa4 Sal 4 4> g2...

Corresponding Squares

The theory of corresponding squares is one of the most difficult topics in pawn endgames and so far we have only covered the most important special cases opposition and triangulation. However, the theory is more general when correctly employed, it offers clear solutions to otherwise very difficult positions. The theory is mainly applicable to blocked positions, where king manoeuvres play the main role. It is also relevant to zugzwang positions. The ideal case is a system of squares where both...

Knk

Might be the only way for Black to save the game if White had some more pawns. Note that you can never force a mate if the pawn is still on the fourth rank. However, the same idea can also work with several pawns see Salvio 1634 Av 385 w lt 4 gt f2, ie8 b amp h2, Ag6, h3 or Mendheim 1832 Av 402 w lt 4 gt fl, tf6 b lt hl,Ae6,f4, g5, h3 . The next example features Stamma's Mate l gt c8 2 a6 e3 3 b8 amp d4 4 amp b7 amp a7 Much easier than 4 amp b6 5 a7 amp xa7 6 4 gt a8 i.b6 7 4 gt b7 xc7 - see...

Lrg

If Black is to move, he wins both of them l amp f6 2 d6 lt e6 3 g5 xd6 4 g6 amp e6. The rule of the common square can be used to evaluate such races. Draw a line from the more backward pawn to the file of the other pawn and complete it to make a square. If this square reaches the eighth rank, then one of the pawns will queen. This is the case with White to move lg5 The pawns' common square has reached the eighth rank, so Black's king can't stop them l gt e7 2...

Multi Volume Works on the Endgame

Encyclopedia of Chess Endings ECE , all published by Sahovski Informator Bishop and Knight Endings volume, Nicosia 1993 Rook Endings Volume 1, Belgrade 1985 Rook Endings Volume 2, Belgrade 1986 Originally published in Russian under the title Shakhmatnye Okonchaniya by Fizkultura i Sport in five volumes Volume 1 Bishop Endings Averbakh , Knight Endings Averbakh and Chekhover 1980 Volume 2 Bishop vs Knight Averbakh , Rook vs Minor Piece Averbakh 1981 Volume 3 Queen Endings Averbakh , Queen vs...

Fundamental Chess Endings

Encyclopaedia of Chess Endings ECE , Bishop and Knight Endings volume, Nicosia 1993 L ufer- und Springerendspiele Av , Aver-bakh, Sportverlag Berlin 1987 In the game Black didn't manage to coordinate his pieces and soon resigned. Can you do better True, you have the wrong rook's pawn, but nobody said that you have to let the black king into the saving corner How can White avoid the known fortresses With you as the shepherd and the bishop as your dog, let's drive the sheep out of the corner Give...

Queen vs Pawns

Queen Pawn Winning Zone

The queen normally wins against one or even several pawns. Only if the pawns are very far advanced do they have a chance. We start with a single pawn. If it has advanced to the seventh rank and is threatening to promote, everything depends on whether the attacking king can assist the queen. With a central pawn, this is almost always possible, no matter how far away the king is. 2 lt amp d3 is met by 3 Wb4 followed by Wei. If the queen manages to get in front of the pawn, the win is trivial. The...

Chapter

Black defensive strategy is known to us it is based on hindering the white king from escaping from the edge after he has captured the a -pawn. However, White can prevent Black from imprisoning him if he uses the geometry of the chessboard to shoulder the black king away l lt e6 c3 2 id5 Maizelis indicated this move. The game itself continued 2 lt amp d6 lt amp d4 3 4 gt c6 amp e5 4 lt amp b7 lt amp d6 5 lt amp xa7 lt 4 gt c7 V2-V2. 2 lt amp d3 2 4 gt b4 3 lt amp c6 lt gt a5 4 4 gt b7 -. 3 4c6...

Rules and Principles Rook Endings

We conclude the very large section on pure rook endings with some remarks and principles 1 Study Philidor's 6.33 and Lucena's po-sition 6.35 very carefully They occur quite often in practice. 2 Make yourself familiar with the checking distance see, e.g., 6.43 . 3 Tarrasch's aphorism All rook endings are drawn is not really a rule, but it contains a great deal of truth as a drawish tendency is inherent in many rook endings. So be careful when you exchange your last rook in an inferior position 4...

Wic

Pamplona 1998 9 Answer 'C' is correct lfc3 Not 1 c5 Hb3 2 c7 Sf5 1 Wc77 Bb3 2 b7 2 4 gt gl Sf5 3 fd7 Hf6 4 b7 Hf4 5 Wd5 Hfb4 2 Sfb4 3 lfe5 4 gt g6 4 Wd6 h7 Illescas in CBM 69 . I h7 l g6 2 b7 Sb6 3 c2 4 g7 4 Wc3 2 Wc7 Sf6 3 b7 Sfb6 4 xf7 lt 4 gt h8 5 Wf8 4h7 6 f7 V2-V2 b l f6 2 Bel h4 2 d2 3 Bc5 - 2 fe5 3 Bbl h4 4 Bxh4 Ve2 5 Bf4 - 3 Bxh4 d2 4 fifl We2 5 lt gl 6 Bf4 4 gt g6 7 Bel 4 gt g5 8 Be7 Wdl 9 4h2 b3 10 Bg7 4h6 11 Bc7 Wb6 12 Bd7 e6 12.J c6 13 Bh4 4 gt g6 14