Other Targets

All the various attacks shown so far have one very obvious common factor: they all aimed at the opponent's King. In view of the fact that checkmate is the object of the game this may not be surprising. Yet it is by no means essential. In modern master chess playing for a direct mating attack tends to be the exceptional way of conducting the game. It occurs only after certain other objectives have been attained, and frequently these other objectives themselves prove to be decisive and one of the players will resign, his King still undisturbed by attack. If the situation over the whole battlefield is such that the King is ultimately doomed, there is no point in continuing. The following brevity won by F. J. Marshall, who was Champion of the U.S.A. from 1909 to 1936, is a case in point.

New York, 1913

White: Marshall Black: Kline

Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox Defence

New York, 1913

White: Marshall Black: Kline

Queen's Gambit Declined, Orthodox Defence

1 P-Q4

P-Q4

2 P-QB4

P-K3

3 Kt-QB3

Kt-KB3

4 B-Kt5

B-K2

5 Kt-B3

QKt-Q2

6 P-K3

O-O

7 R-Bl

P~QKt3

Everything is orthodox up to here, but ..., P-QKt3 is no longer played at this point because, as we shall see, it tends to weaken the white squares in that corner of the board. 7 ..., P-B3 gives a sound structure. This theme of weakness on one colour recurs with great frequency nowadays. The weakness becomes severe if the defender has no Bishop running on the colour in question.

Of course, Black is fretting at the inactivity of his Queen's Bishop. Tartakover showed that ..., P-QKt3 can be played provided it is properly prepared. His method was 5 ..., O-O, 6 ..., P-KR3 and 7 ..., P-QKt3, keeping the Queen's Knight at home for a while to guard the white squares.

8 PxP PxP

White will invade on the white squares

White will invade on the white squares

The Czech grandmaster Oldrich Duras devised this method of getting at the enemy weakness. The purpose of the text move is revealed by White's next.

The exchange of Black's Queen's Bishop will render this whole corner of the board open to penetration by white pieces.

d 39

11 QxB

Black seeks relief by familiar recipe.

BxB P-B3 Kt-K5

thinning out the material—a

13 BxB QxB

15 KtxP!

The harvest begins. 15 ..PxKt allows 16 RxR ch.

16 RxPI! Resigns

Black had lost two pawns already, and if 16 ..Q xKt, his Queen went too after 17 RxR ch. 16 ..QxR; 17 Kt-K7 ch led to the same result, while if 16 ..., RxR, White could continue 17 Q xR ch, Kt-Bl; 18 QxR! Black was hopelessly outgunned in each case.

This vigorous and decisive game without a check will be revolutionary in concept to the player who has not seen any master play. The next is another example of a quick win obtained simply by exploiting weak squares and regions of the board to secure a dominating position.

West German Championship, Nuremberg, 1959

White: Unzicker Black: L. Schmid

Alekhine Defence

This move, which only a generation ago was revolutionary, is now commonplace. It is the most forthright instance of the idea of seeking to get the better of an opponent by enticing his pawns so far forward that they become weak and may be destroyed.

Other Targets The process of destruction is already beginning.

4 Kt-KB3

6 Kt-Kt5

7 QxB

8 PxP

B-Kt5

P-QB3

P-K3

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