Ending

Position after 24 . .. KgS-fS Rriti a b t à e ? z h a b t à e ? z h

Position after 24 . .. KgS-fS Rriti

Capablanca to move abcJtreh

Capablanca to move

White's three isolated Pawns would seem to indicate that he has none the better of the position, except for the fact that they are immune from attack.

Capablanca, on the other hand, has a ready target in the adverse Queen Pawn whose defence will tie down Black's pieces, and give them no opportunity to become obstreperous.

His first move is evident enough 25 Re1-e4 Ra8-e8

Indirectly defends the Pawn, as 26 Nf3xd4 loses instantly by

27 d3xe4 Nc6xd4 wins a piece)

27 ... Re4-e2, while the exchange by 26 Re4xe8+ is pointless as it forfeits White's advantage in position.

Despite this, Alekhine disapproves of Black's last move, and recommends instead 25 . .. Ra8-d8, and if 26 Nf3-g5 in reply, the simple 26 .. . Kf8-g8 suffices.

26 Kgt-f2 h7-h6 'Also', says Alekhine,

28 Nf3xd4 Nb4-d3+ (if

28. . . Nb4xa2 29 Nd4-c2etc.| 28 Kf2-e3 Nd3xb2 30 Nd4-e6+ Kf8-g8! 31 Ke3-d4!, would have been more than questionable for Black. After the text move, Capablanca forces the win in an elegant manner,'

27 Nf3e5

Now White threatens a winning simplification by 28 Ne5xc6 Re8xe4 29 d3xc4 b7xc6 30 b2-b4 (to isolate the Queen Pawn)

30 . . . Kf8-e7 31 Kf2-e2 Ke7-d6 32 Ke2-d3 c6-c5 33 b4xc5+ Kd6xc5 34 f4-f5!, and Black runs out of moves, thus: 34 . . . h6-h5 35 h2-h4 a7-a6 36 a2-a3 a6-a5 37 a3-a4 and it's a/I over.

It was either this, or 27 . . . Re8-d8, when 28 Ne5xc6 b7xc6 29 Re4-e5 (to restrain the Bishop Pawn! followed by 30 Kf2-t3 and

31 Kf3-e4, and a win for White is in sight.

28 f4xe5

And a passed Pawn appears on the scene!

29 Kf2-f3

The King assumes a dominating position, intending eventually to reach the key square, e4.

Black, in contrast, is hampered by the passed Pawn, which requires his constant attention. (The passed Pawn,' says Nimzowitsch, 'is a criminal, who should be kept under lock and key. Mild measures, such as police surveillance, are not sufficient.')

This is the position on the board:

is driven back with loss of time, e.g.,

29 . . . Kf7-g6 30 Re4-g4+ Kg6-f7 31 Rg4-f4+ Kf7-g6 (or

31 . .. Kf7-e6 32 Rf4xd4, and Black must not touch the King Pawn on pain of losing his Rook)

32 Kf3-e4 Re8-d8 33e5-e6l, and Black is helpless against the multitude of threats following 34 Ke4-e5.

30 Re4-g4 g7-g5

'White is in no hurry,' says Fine.

32 h4xg5 h6xg5 Black has also acquired a passed Pawn—but it's a harmless little one.

33 Kf3-e4 Kg6-h5

34 Rg4-g1 Kh5-h4

35 e5-e6 g5-g4

An artistic touch, in keeping with this fine ending, and more appropriate than the pedestrian 36 Ke4-e5 followed by 37 Ke5-f6.

36 ... Black Resigns

The position at this point:

This is the position on the board:

The position at this point:

Reti, a composer of beautifully subtle endgames, does not need further demonstration, but gracefully concedes.

For us lesser mortals, though, the continuation is appended: 36 . . . Rd8-e8 37 Ke4-f5! Re8xe7 (certainly not 37 ... g4-g3, when sudden death follows by 38 Rg1-h1 mate) 38 Rg1xg4+ Kh4-h5 39 Rg4xd4 Re7-e2 40 Rd4-b4! b7-b6 41 d3-d4 Kh5-h6 42 d4-d5

Kh6-g7 43 Rb4-e4! (to enable White's King to reach e6 and assist the Pawn) 43... Re3xb2 44 Kf5-e6 Rb2xa2 (on

44 . . . Kg7-f8 45 Ke6-d7 followed by 46 Re4-f4+ will banish the King from the vicinity of the Pawn)

45 d5-d6 a7 a5 46 Ke6-e7, and White wins, as Black's Queen-side Pawns are too far back to cause any trouble.

A little jewel of an ending!

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